Martial Arts in the Modern World (Part Two)

A number of new scholarly books on martial arts have come across my desk in the last month.  This field is in its infancy and I am exited to be part of the project of defining and inspiring it.  In that spirit, there is much in these works to praise, much to criticize, a yawn here and there, and a few things that need to be stopped dead in their tracks.

So this is the second of a series in which I will discuss individual essays within larger works.  The following essays are from a collection edited by Thomas A. Green and Joseph R. Svinth titled, Martial Arts in the Modern World (Praeger, 2003).


Svinth and Green's "The Circle and the Octagon:  Maeda's Judo and Gracie's Jiu-Jitsu," traces the interaction between Judo players and Wrestling in the early 20th Century.  Maeda Misuyo made the leap from Judo to competitive wrestling, starting in America, and then in England, Spain, Mexico, Cuba, and finally Brazil.  But competitive wrestling has the problem that it is either over in a few seconds, or it lasts for hours with little action.  So most of the wrestling involved slap stick and elaborate back stories and costumes.  He was a huge star, especially in Mexico and Cuba.  In Brazil he was part of a circus show, where he met the Gracie brothers who were also in the circus.  He taught them Judo and the rest is history.  In summary, neener, neener, neener, MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) comes from the circus and is a kissing cousin of WWE.


Graham Noble's "The Lion of the Punjab:  Gama in England, 1910," tells the story of an extraordinary South Asian Wrestler named Gama who traveled with two other top wrestlers to the heart of the British Empire to claim the title of the world's greatest wrestler.  Do to the fact that most of the pro-wrestlers were performance artists with superb slap-stick skills, he had a terrible time getting anyone to allow themselves to be smacked down for real. As an American reading the story I was cheering for him to humiliate a few of the old Colonials.  But the expression 'chicken' is too good for them.  Finally a sympathetic American was recruited from New York to fight him and was soundly defeated.  They found a guy from Poland to fight him too.  Gama and his crew, after 6 months of waiting, returned home having had only a handful of fights.  The account of his rise in India, his insane workouts, and his drive to succeed, are inspirational.  A timeless tale of human achievement, stuck in a strange moment in time.


Thomas A. Green has two essays on African martial arts, "Surviving the Middle Passage: Traditional African Martial Arts in the Americas," and, "Freeing the Afrikan Mind: The Role of Martial Arts in Contemporary African American Cultural Nationalism."  Green must get credit for publishing first on these extremely interesting topics.  Unfortunately I already devoured TJ DESCH-OBI's, Fighting for Honor (2008), which I loved and reviewed here.  Obi's notion of honor makes these essays somewhat out of date and goes a long way toward explaining the unique forms of African Nationalist martial arts Green describes in Freeing the Afrikan Mind.


James Halpin's "The Little Dragon:  Bruce Lee (1940-1973)," is the best succinct history of Bruce Lee I've ever read.  His father was a comic opera star, which is really where he got his chops.  He was a rich kid that wanted street cred, so he trained at the Wing-tsun school and got involved in illegal competitive roof top fights.  He got busted and in court his mom asked the judge if she could send him out of the country instead of to jail, and that's how he ended up in the United States.   His ex-girlfriend said he had the maturity of a 12 year old.  He gave amazing lecture demos, published a book on the philosophy of martial arts, and wrote the original screenplay for the Kung Fu television series.  Lee was an awesome egomaniac who transfixed a generation and propelled the martial performing arts of China into an international sensation.  He died from an allergic reaction to a large Aspirin.  The essay covers a lot of territory, and draws on many sources.


to be continued....


Wrestling this much as a little kid might stunt his growth, but still, he looks mighty good.  The Yahoo write up is just silly, it's clearly trained skill, not strength.  It's also impossible to tell if there is talent here unless you know more about how he trains and who trains him.

Which reminds me.  At a Rory Miller workshop the other day there was a guy who trains a lot of martial arts... but mostly with weapons.  He said that when he does train open-hand he usually focuses on striking.  This guy expressed a lack of confidence with ground fighting and even stand up grappling.  He said something like, "I haven't really wrestled since I was a little kid."  I was like, don't dismiss that. If you wrestled as a little kid that's the best possible training there is.  As it turned out, when I grappled with him standing up he had a tendency to want to use jumping action in his legs to get control, but he quickly noticed that didn't work.  When we went to the ground, he was as good as anyone.  It's like riding a bike.

Yagli Gures: What Not to Wear to a Fight

Fair is FairPerhaps all the self-reflection I see around the blog-o-sphere on the topic of how different rule sets create completely different martial arts will also lead to some self-reflection on clothing designs.

Leather pants and olive oil are pretty good in the warm weather, very hard to get a grip and keeps away mosquitoes too.

You people into Olive Oil and Tea will want to check out Divine Tastes blog.
And there are some more masters techniques at Turkish Wrestling .

Yagli Gures is a traditional form of wrestling from Turkey. Obviously you can see why I'm a traditionalist from the pictures. Actually, the Ancient Greeks didn't bother with the leather pants, they just wore the olive oil. One of my local informants told me that, "The way to get a Russian woman is to wear lots of leather." I think I'm starting to understanding.

Oil as a commodity was not big in China until sesame oil and trees were brought from Persia during the Tang Dynasty (~600-900CE), so I doubt that oil was used in fighting

Matched fighting may be natural, but religions have spent a lot of time trying to regulate it. Wrestling would obviously be more entertaining if it was truly "no holds barreFair is Faird!"