Here are the two main theories:
- As soon as we attempt to hold still tension begins arising in locations where our alignment is inefficient. Â If we can apply that information, we can improve our alignment.
- Circulation does not stop when we hold still so locations with poor circulation quickly become apparent.Â Slight changes in alignment at these locations may improve circulation, which could be considered an improvement in alignment.
If you do standing practice without correcting your alignment, your muscle tension will actually increase.Â It is a slow and painful way to build muscle, and not very effective I might add.Â However if you are constantly fiddling with your alignment you will become more and more contorted and unstable, that's a big mistake.
Practicing internal martial arts correctly means accepting our natural weakness.Â Being weak is o.k.Â It certainly doesn't inhibit fighting if that is what you like to do.Most fighting systems agree that the ability to relax is valuable because if you are relaxed it's easy to change.Â Generally fighting systems prefer strength and conditioning with their relaxation.Â The influence of Daoist precepts and conduct practices on the internal martial arts is most apparent in their rejection of strength and conditioning.
Correct standing practice makes us weak and sensitive and thus more prone to injury.Â The type of rest that we get from standing meditation has some healing effects.Â Most likely those effects are do to the improvement in circulation which supplies nutrients and replaces damaged tissues.Â Standing heals the little tiny injuries which otherwise would restrict our breathing and degrade our alignment.Â But honestly, slow gentle practice and plenty of sleep will do the same thing.
But...if you like to play rough on a regular basis, (and many of us do) standing will repair those little injuries that would otherwise tend to pile up.Â Any improvement in alignment also improves power.Â But from a Daoist point of view all you are doing is re-establishing what is normal.Â It is normal to play rough.Â It is normal to heal.Â It is normal to have access to highly efficient movement.Â It is normal to just stand still and do nothing.Â It is normal to be weak.