If any of my readers doubt the above anecdote I challenge you to do the experiment yourself. Find a small healthy kid, 5 to 8 years old. Show them how to do a horse stance and then try putting all your weight on their shoulders. As long as the kid's back is straight and her legs are aligned to take weight she should have no trouble lifting you up.
Why is this relevant? Why now?
On my last trip to China I wandered all over Ching Cheng Shan mountain in Sichuan. The "trails" are mostly steep stone stair cases that wind up into the clouds. If you are lazy and have a little cash, you can hire two guys to carry you up three miles of stairs in a litter made with some cloth and two bamboo poles. The guys who do the carrying all day long during the tourist season have pencil thin arms and legs. They are skinny enough to be run-way models at a fashion show. Their leg muscles do not bulge.
Likewise, I studied twice with Ye Shaolong, the second time I trained with him everyday for three months. He is probably the world's greatest master of what George Xu calls "the power-stretch." He uses low, slow expanding movements to develop explosive and suddenly recoiling power. In his 70's, Ye Shaolong is one of the skinniest people I have ever met. He has no muscle.
In my early twenties, with ambitious winds blowing, I took to standing still in a low horse stance with my arms horizontal to the ground out to the sides, for one hour. I did this everyday for a year. (20 years later, I still stand for an hour everyday but not all of it in a horse stance.) For the first few months, my thigh muscles got bigger, but then a funny thing happened. As my alignment and circulation improved, my thigh muscles, my quadriceps, started to shrink. After a year of this kind of practice my thigh muscles were smaller than they had been when I started. And by the way, I wasn't just standing, I was training at least 6 hours a day and I didn't have a driver's license so I was also riding my bicycle up steep San Francisco hills as my sole form of transportation. I'll say it again, my muscles got smaller.
Most people who practice martial arts actually never learn this because they don't have the discipline to pass through that first gate. At the time, I was just like everyone else, I believed that I needed to improve my strength. I now understand that strength itself is an obstacle to freedom.
The internal arts of Qigong, Daoyin, Taijiquan, Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, and some of the the mixed internal-external arts like Eight Immortals Sword, all have ways of training that do not require building strength. Some Shaolin schools have these methods too. In fact, under the proper guidance of a teacher, with a natural commitment to everyday practice, anyone can use these arts to reveal their true nature. A true nature which, like that of your average 7 year old, is already very, very strong.
On this blog I have explored many justifications for the cultivation of weakness. For instance:
--it makes you more sensitive,
--you need less food (making it possible for more people to eat in times of food scarcity),
--you need less energy to exercise leaving more energy available for other pursuits,
--it's better for circulation in times of less activity (which is what we are doing most of the time anyway),
--your movement is less conditioned to a series of set responses (spontaneously agile),
--and you don't need to wear spandex.
But the number one reason for not developing strength is that healthy human beings are already strong enough. Even 5 year old children are very strong. The problem is that normal human beings have disrupted the integration of natural, untrained strength, into their everyday activities. This happens first of all in the arms, which develop both fine motor coordination and repetitive patterns, both of which leave the arms disconnected from the natural strength of the torso. Also, adult hormones, particularly male hormones, produce muscle really easily if we prime them with lots of food and reckless exercise. By reckless exercise I mean games or athletics that cause injuries. Small injuries to the legs will instantly cause a healthy male to develop big thick quads, it can happen overnight. Once these arm and leg problems are established they become habits. But natural strength doesn't go away, it's waiting for us just under the surface. The real problem, the only real problem, is the fear that we need to be strong to face life's challenges--the notion that we need strength to prevail.
The likelihood of injury from strength training, by the way, is the reason that people who do strength training have to create all sorts of schedules to "cross train" the various muscle groups. These people are now arguing that all training is actually in the recovery! Weird.
And don't get me started on core strength.... OK, it's too late. Core strength is just a marketing scheme, like Green architectural-design-dog-walking-nanny services. It just sounds good or something. It plays on peoples feelings of insecurity and guilt. There is no core that needs strengthening to begin with, but even if such a core existed, the market is saturated. Every type of movement training from Yoga to tiny-tot-tap-dancing now claims to be good for your "core."
Here at North Star Martial Arts we specialize in Core Emptying!
That's Right! All negativity is stored in the inner "core"--known traditionally as the mingmen or "gate of fate." Sign up for this once in a lifetime offer of 12 classes for only $99 (that's a $1 discount) and you will get a bonus "card" to keep track of your first one hundred days of Cultivating Weakness! Empty your Core Today! (Say the words "relax your dantian," or Tell them you heard it here at W.W.A.T.)
Like aggressive advertising, strength obscures our true nature.
Martial artists who try to develop strength are preparing themselves for some future attack, the nature of which is yet unknown. I'm not against strength, heaven knows people love it, I'm just against the argument that we need it. Anyone who says Chinese Internal Martial Arts require a person to develop strength is confused about the basic concepts.
note: (If you are a bit of a sadist and want to watch some people squirm, I'm about to post this at the unhinged Internet forum Rum Soaked Fist! check it out.)